When all the system of the body is working properly, the person is said to be healthy. But when there is the disturbance in any one of the system of the body, the person becomes patient. A patient is a person suffering from a disease or diseases. For the diseases, the field of the medicine is serving humanity since very long. The word medicines mean a physician. Medicines are basically the science of diagnosis, treatment and also prevention of the diseases. In medicines, a large number of health care practices are included to maintain health. Medicines are drugs or chemicals that are a source of the cure of many diseases. Medicines are broadly classified into two main categories:
1) Traditional medicines
2) Scientific medicines
Both can be used together or separately. Doctors or Physicians are the authorities that can prescribe some medicines for the cure of the disease. A person may need to take medicines every day or only once in a while. In either way, a doctor has to make sure that the medicines are safe and will help a patient get better. A very important question is how medicines are made? Medicines are made from the variety of sources. Many are extracted from plants. Some medicines are prepared in the laboratory by mixing certain chemicals together. Some of the medicines are prepared from certain organisms like penicillin is obtained from a fungus named Penicillium.
Medicines can deliver in the number of ways. Some medicines are swallowed like tablets and capsules. Some are in the form of drops, for example, ear drops and eye drops. Some medicines come in the form of creams that are rubbed, and cannot be swallowed. Inhalers are also the form of medicines
Medicines are also administrated in the forms of injections, either intravenous intramuscular. Medicines act in a variety of ways. Some can cure the illness by killing germs like Bactria. Some medicines boost the level of missing or insufficient substances in the body for example calcium and iron, hormones or vitamins. There are some medicines that treats or minimize the symptoms of a particular disease but cannot cure the root of the illness. Certain medicines relieve pain for instances a toothache, muscle pain, etc. Medicines also aid control certain chronic conditions that appear with age like high blood pressure or high cholesterol in the body. Vaccines that prevent diseases are also the type of drugs or medicines. Medicines should after diagnosis of a disease from the doctor. Some are available in the markets that can be taken without prescriptions including pain killers but in doctor’s prescriptions. Or the doctor prescription is a must.
The basic rule of the use of the medicines is:
1) Medicines should be suitable for a disease
2) Read the label of medicine very carefully
3) The doctor’s prescription is essential for medicines
4) Do not share your medicines with others
5) Medicines should store at a proper place
6) Do take care of the diet during the use of medicines